Basic Applique Techniques
Applique is the process of attaching one fabric to the surface of another for decorative purposes. This is a great way to add decoration to tunics, tabards, banners, tablecloths and
There are many types of applique, I'm going to focus more on the hand rather than machine
Raw Edge: This method is just cutting out the shape and sewing around the edges. It's hard to make it look really good unless your stitches are really even and tight, and tends to fray when washed. It is best used with wool felt, which doesn't fray. (Do not use acrylic felt, it fuzzes and looks horrible after washing.)
Needle Turn: This method involves turning under the edges about an 1/8 of an inch as you sew it down using tiny invisible stitches. I like to use a glue stick in the middle to keep the fabric from shifting.
Fusible web: The design is traced onto fusible web, with is ironed onto the design fabric and then onto the base fabric. Then it is sewn around the edges. It is similar to Raw Edge applique but doesn't fray as much due to the fusing. Be aware the design will be going the reverse direction when appliqued.
Fusible Interfacing: This is my favorite. Trace the design onto the fabric, place on top of the smooth side of lightweight fusible interfacing and hand or machine sew right on the line. Cut a slit in the interfacing and turn the design right side out, then iron onto the base fabric. Finally, use tiny invisible stitches to stitch it down.
Reverse Applique: The design fabric shape is sewn to the underside of the base fabric, then the base fabric is cut to reveal the design fabric underneath. Edges are then turned under and stitched. This is very time intensive, but looks cool.
There is a ton of useful information linked here: